Probate Court is a division of the Courts of Common Pleas in Ohio. Probate Court has exclusive jurisdiction over certain special types of cases: estates, guardianships of incompetent persons and minors, name changes of adults and minors, and adoptions. The Probate Court also issues marriage licenses.
Juvenile Court has jurisdiction over legal issues involving people under the age of eighteen. Cases regarding delinquency, traffic, and unruly charges are heard and decided by the Juvenile Court. Custody, visitation and support matters for children whose parents were not married also come under the jurisdiction of the Juvenile Court.